The plant referred to in rabbinic literature as tered, or selek (Er. 29a) is the spinach beet (Beta vulgaris, var. Cicla). The present varieties, red beet, sugar beet, and fodder beet, were unknown to the ancients. Although the long white root of the beet was sometimes eaten, it was the leaves which were mainly used as food. The rabbis, in common with the Greek and Roman naturalists, praised it highly for its nutritive and medicinal value. Thus the Talmud states: "A dish of beets is good for the heart and good for the bowels and especially for the small bowels" (Bet. 44b). It was also held to account for the absence of skin diseases and of leprosy in Babylonia (Ket. 77b). It is a winter plant, but due to its nutritive value, attempts were made to grow it also in summer, and Solomon's servants were said to have been able to supply summer beets for his table (Deut. R. 1:5). -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Loew, Flora, 1 (1926), 346–52; J. Feliks, Kilei Zera'im… (1967), 82–83. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: Feliks, Ha-Tzome'aḥ, 173. (Jehuda Feliks)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Beet — (b[=e]t), n. [AS. bete, from L. beta.] 1. (Bot.) A biennial plant of the genus {Beta}, which produces an edible root the first year and seed the second year. [1913 Webster] 2. The root of plants of the genus {Beta}, different species and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • beet — [ bit ] noun count or uncount 1. ) AMERICAN the round dark purple root of a vegetable that is cooked and eaten. British beetroot 2. ) a SUGAR BEET red as a beet AMERICAN INFORMAL very red in your face, especially because you are embarrassed: He… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Beet — (obd. auch Bett) Sn std. (10. Jh.), mhd. bette, ahd. bettilī(n) Stammwort. Das Wort ist ursprünglich identisch mit Bett; doch sind die Bedeutungen Beet und Bett im 16. Jh. ausgehend vom Mitteldeutschen auf verschiedene Lautvarianten verteilt… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • beet — [bi:t] n [U and C] [: Old English; Origin: bete, from Latin beta] 1.) also sugar beet a vegetable that sugar is made from 2.) AmE a plant with a round dark red root that you cook and eat as a vegetable British Equivalent: beetroot 3.) …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Beet — das; (e)s, e; ein relativ kleines, meist rechteckiges Stück Boden (in einem Garten), auf dem besonders Blumen, Gemüse oder Salat angepflanzt werden <ein Beet anlegen, umgraben> || K: Blumenbeet, Gemüsebeet …   Langenscheidt Großwörterbuch Deutsch als Fremdsprache

  • beet — (n.) O.E. bete beet, beetroot, from L. beta, said to be of Celtic origin. Common in O.E., then lost till c.1400. Still usually spoken of in plural in U.S. A general West Germanic borrowing, Cf. O.Fris. bete, M.Du. bete, O.H.G. bieza, Ger. Beete …   Etymology dictionary

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  • Beet — 1. ↑Rabatte, 2. ↑Rondeau, Rondell …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

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